Preface S.A. Shikora

Contents, Contributing Authors, About the Editors

History of Bariatric Operations –
How did we get to this Point? M. Deitel

Co-morbidities of Morbid Obesity and Determination
of Optimal Weight M. Deitel, J.B. Dixon


Gastric Banding, Band Adjustments and Strategies

The Lap-Band® G.A. Fielding 
Swedish Band – Realize Band®: Banding, Adjustments and Strategies K. Miller
The MIDBand® V.M. Frering
Gastric Banding with Fixation but without Plication (Minimizer®) F. Claessens, S. Bessermans, T. Szewczyk

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) – Methods, Complications, Results

LRYGB with Transoral Passage of the Anvil for the Gastrojejunostomy N.T. Nguyen
LRYGB with Totally Intraabdominal Approach using the Circular Stapler R.A. de la Torre, J.S. Scott, M.P. Morales, S. Satgunam 
LRYGB with Linear Stapled Anastomosis for the Gastrojejunostomy D.S. Tichansky, B.C. Profeta
LRYGB with Hand-Sewn Gastrojejunostomy T. Yunus, K.D. Higa
Antecolic versus Retrocolic A.K. Madan, T.E. Sonnanstine IV
Micropouch® Gastric Bypass J.A. Sapala, J.E. Sapala, M. Zotos
Banded, Divided Gastric Bypass F. de la Cruz Vigo , J.L. de la Cruz Vigo
Laparoscopic Mini-Gastric Bypass J-M Chevallier, G. Chakhtoura, F. Zinzindohoué        

Complications of Gastric Bypass

Anastomotic Leaks C. Ballesta, R. Berindoague 
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage – Early and Late  E. Chousleb, R.J. Rosenthal 
Internal Hernias and Small Bowel Obstruction after Gastric Bypass J.K. Champion, M. Williams
Stomal Stenosis after Gastric Bypass G.A. Woodard, J.M. Morton
Stomal Ulcer after Gastric Bypass M. Sundbom, S. Gustavsson
Dumping Syndrome with Hypoglycemia after Gastric Bypass M. Deitel
Stomal Dilatation and Regain of Weight after Gastric Bypass J. Grams, D.M. Herron


Biliopancreatic Diversion  N. Scopinaro , F. Papadia
Larrad Biliopanceatic Diversion Á. Larrad-Jiménez
Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch M. Gagner, R. Matteotti
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Techniques: First-Stage or Definitive M. Parikh, M. Gagner
Staged Bariatric Procedures A. Pomp, J.J. Choi
Treatment of Complications of Duodenal Switch and Sleeve Gastrectomy A. Baltasar, C. Serra
Leaks and Fistulas: Drainage, Glue, Stenting and Other Strategies J. Himpens, G. Dapri, J. Bafort
Trocars and Abdominal Wall Entry for Laparoscopic Bariatric Procedures T.H. El-Ghazaly, A.A. Saber
Laparoscopic Dissectors, Staplers and Robotics K. Thompson, S. Horgan
Reinforcement of Staple-Lines A.R. Ahmed, W. O’Malley
Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS™) and Trocar Reduction Strategies for Bariatric Procedures T.H. El-Ghazaly, A.A. Saber
Endoluminal, Transluminal and Single Access Laparoscopy in Bariatric Surgery J. Himpens, G. Dapri
Endoscopic Duodenal-Jejunal Bypass Sleeve in the Treatment of Morbid Obesity R. Schouten, J.W.M. Greve
Current Status of Gastric Electrical Stimulation for Weight Loss N. Sabeti, S.A. Shikora
Intra-abdominal Vagal Blocking for Morbid Obesity M.F. Herrera, R. Mårvik, J. Toouli
The Place of Intragastric Balloons J.A. Sallet, P.C. Sallet, J.B. Marchesini, P. Miguel, C.E. Pisani, A.M. Ferraz
Adjustable Totally Implantable Intragastric Prosthesis (ATIIP) – Endogast® G. Gaggiotti, J. Tack, A.B. Garrido Jr
Adolescent Bariatric Surgery M.P. Michalsky, V.F. Garcia
Plastic Surgery after Massive Weight Loss  W. Cintra Jr, J. Faintuch, M.L.A. Modolin, R. Gemperli. M.C. Ferreira

Respiratory and Cardiac Considerations

Respiratory Function and Pulmonary Assessment for Bariatric Surgery G.S. Zavorsky, N.V. Christou 
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Obese M. Deitel, S.K. Field, A. Mehta, J.B. Dixon
Anesthetic Perioperative Care S.B. Jones, D.B. Jones
Anesthetic Methods in Bariatric Surgery J.B. Brodsky, H.J.M. Lemmens
Caring for the Critically Ill Bariatric Patient and the ICU R.H. Savel, M.A. Gropper
Prevention and Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism B.Y. Tsui, G.G. Hamad
Inferior Vena Caval Filters D.W. Overby, T.M. Farrell
The Heart in Severe Obesity and the Effect of Weight Loss D.P. Bernstein

Metabolic Considerations

Significance of Ghrelin, Leptin, Adipokines, and Changes after Weight-loss Operations G. Frühbeck 
Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes: GLP-1 and other Incretins C.W. le Roux, J.B. Dixon
The Effect of Bariatric Operations on Diabetes: from Bariatric to Metabolic Surgery F. del Genio, F. Rubino
The Developing Operations for Diabetes at Lower BMI A.L. DePaula, S. Vencio, A. Stival 
Considerations in Adult Onset Type 1 Diabetes (versus Type 2) M. Deitel

Preventive Strategies

The Bariatric Support Team C. Morrison, A. Mehran
Prevention of Vitamin, Mineral and Nutritional Deficiencies. J. Jacques, J.B. Dixon
Effect of Preoperative Weight Loss on Bariatric Operations S. Huerta
Reflux, Endoscopy and Manometry in the Obese M. Suter
Rhabdomyolysis J.E. Ettinger
The Gallbladder in Bariatric Surgery and Urso M.C. Uy, J.P. Ong, M.L.O. Daez
The Problem of Helicobacter Pylori J.M. Martinez, A.K. Madan
Bacterial Overgrowth in the Bypassed Stomach and Intestine  J. Faintuch, R.K. Ishida, H.V. Barbeiro, D.F. Barbeiro, I. Cecconello      

Psychological Considerations 

Psychological Evaluation of Bariatric Surgery Candidates S. Walfish, S. Ritz
Health-Related Quality of Life in Severely Obese Individuals R.L. Kolotkin
Psychological Issues Before and After Bariatric Surgery D.B. Sarwer, A.N. Fabricatore
Eating Disorders Before and After Bariatric Surgery C.M. Grilo

Other Features of Obesity and Bariatric Surgery

Hepatic Changes of Obesity and the Effects of Weight Loss N. Rafiq, Z.M. Younossi 
Pregnancy and Obstetric Considerations after Bariatric Surgery  J.R. Wax
Orthopedic Considerations in the Obese and the Effect of Bariatric Surgery  M. Deitel, K.M. Deitel, W.L. Deitel
The Health Risks of Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue  C.K. Buffington, K. Kim
Obesity as a Cause of Cancers C. Shaw, A.A. Gumbs
Systemic Inflammation in Obesity and its Relationship to Metabolic Disease R.W. O’Rourke           

Bariatric Practice

Medico-legal Aspects and Malpractice Claims against Bariatric Surgeons D.R. Cottam, J.L. Lord,
J.W. Saxton Esq, W. Sweet
ASMBS Centers of Excellence and SRC International Centers of Excellence for Bariatric Surgery N.E. Hutcher
IFSO European Chapter Centre of Excellence Program J. Melissas